In the past, we published a number of papers [1, 2, 3] and a book on the evolution of real GDP per capita and explained what does mean inertial economic growth, i.e. the growth with constant steps in real GDP per capita. We have proven that developed economies grow with a constant step, not at a constant rate. Theoretically, the rate of economic growth has to be inversely proportional to the attained level of GDP per capita. Here, we use the estimates of real GDP per capita as listed in the Total Economy Database managed by the Conference Board.
Two figures below update our previous results obtained for Germany, France, Italy, Switzerland, and the UK. Four countries (France, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland) demonstrate extremely poor performance during the past decades. Germany is on par with theoretical predictions and the UK is slightly over the predicted growth rate but still on the negative trends since 1960. The EU is under severe stress in the years to come since the future of economic growth is likely dark. Germany follows its cruise speed and unlikely to spill economic growth over the other biggest economies.
It might be good time for the UK to think about the traction forces associated with the clear features of economic stagnation in EU.
Fig. 1. Evolution of annual increment of GDP per capita, i.e. the difference of the current GDP per capita and that one year ago.
Fig. 2. The rate of growth of the real GDP per capita.